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by Amrit Sorli, guest columnist.  [June 28, 2003]



* Abstract


Einstein's theory of gravitational ether is a basis for a simple understanding of the interaction between matter and universal space as well as the evolution of life.


* Introduction


One of the main questions of cosmology is: where does matter come from in the inflation phase of the big bang and where does it go when it disappears at the center of black holes. According to Stephen Hawking, in the inflation phase the energy of matter that is positive and the gravitational energy which is negative are multiplied.  Its sum always remains zero: E matter (Em) + E gravitational (Eg) = 0. In a similar way as (-1) + (1) = 0, (-2) + (2) = 0, (-3) + (3) = 0 (1).

Describing the energy of matter as positive, the energy of gravitation as negative and explaining the inflation phase with the equations above does not answer the question of the appearance of matter. Equations that function in mathematics do not necessarily function in physics. Mathematics only describes reality and can not explain it. Einstein says: "As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality" (2).

Discussion Einstein's idea was that cosmic space can not be imagined without the existence of gravitational ether: "Recapitulating, we may say that according to the general theory of relativity space is endowed with physical qualities; in this sense, therefore, there exists an ether. According to the general theory of relativity space without ether is unthinkable; for in such space there not only would be no propagation of light, but also no possibility of existence for standards of space and time (measuring rods and clocks), nor therefore any space-time intervals in the physical sense. But this ether may not be thought of as endowed with the quality characteristic of ponderable media, as consisting of parts which may be tracked through time. The idea of motion may not be applied to it" (3).

Interaction between matter and gravitational ether can be described with the roundness of Riemann's four-dimensional geometry. The bigger the star is, the rounder the space around it is, and the higher the density of gravitational ether. In the center of the black hole density, pressure and temperature are infinite. All atomic and subatomic particles disintegrate into gravitational energy.

In singularity of the black hole only gravitational ether persists. As physical circumstances are infinite gravitational ether can not be built up out of same "particles" as ponderable matter is.  Gravitational ether is another type of energy that can not be described with terms as "movement" and "entropy". Considering the first law of thermodynamic gravitational ether is the energy in its purest form, never created and never destroyed, unchangeable, without entropy. Its only characteristic is density that in General Relativity is described as roundness of cosmic space.

Einstein says: "Now it appears that space will have to be regarded as a primary thing and that matter is derived from it, so to speak, as a secondary result. Space is now having its revenge, so to speak, and is eating up matter" (4). According to Einstein's idea above in the big bang matter appears from gravitational ether and in black holes matter disappears back into it.

In the universe energy is constantly circulating, it is never created or destroyed.  The amount of gravitational energy and the energy of matter is constant:


     E gravitational (Eg) + E matter (Em) = E constant (Ek).


In the first moment after the big bang Em = 0, Eg = Ek. In the subsequent moments of the inflation phase Eg is structured into Em, and the transformation is over when Eg and Em are balanced: Eg = Em (Eg = Ek/2, Em = Ek/2). With the formation of black holes, when the transformation of Em into Eg starts, Em is falling towards zero (Em --> 0), Eg is rising towards Ek (Eg --> Ek) (5).

The density of gravitational ether is increasing with the disintegration of matter into it. This process increases the gravitational forces between the galaxies, the speed of the expansion of the universe slows down. At a certain point the expansion stops and the universe starts to collapse in an enormous black hole that explodes into a new big bang where gravitational ether transforms back into matter.

The energy of matter and gravitational energy are in a permanent dynamic equilibrium. Big bangs are cyclic, the universe is a self-renewing system. It has no beginning and no end. The increase of the entropy of matter after the big bang is only temporary. In black holes the energy of matter disintegrates back into pure unstructured gravitational energy that has no entropy.

Pressure, temperature and density in singularity of the big bang and black holes, have infinite values. The physical circumstances of transformation "gravitational ether --> matter" and back are infinite. This presents one of the matters that create difficulties in the unification of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics.

Experiments in weightlessness show that functioning of organisms is related with the changes of the strength of gravitational field, with the other words, of the density of gravitational ether.

Space flight induces a cephalad redistribution of fluid volume and blood flow within the human body and space motion sickness, which has a problem during first few days of space flight, could be related to these changes in fluid status and in blood flow of the cerebrum and vestibular system (6).

In weightlessness there is a decreased activity of spinal ganglia neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei producing arginine, vasopressin and growth hormone releasing factor. Structural changes of the somatosensory cortex and spinal ganglia suggest a decreased afferant flow to the somatosensory cortex in microgravity. The results characterize the mechanisms of structural adaptation to a decreased afferent flow in microgravity by the neurons in the hemisphere cortex and brain stem nuclei. So, under microgravity there is a neuron hypoactivity (7).

Microgravity has a direct influence on bone fracture healing because of poor production of bone callus in microgravity: there is an increase volume of osteoid and a decrease in the number and activity of osteoblasts (8).

Experiments with Lumbricus Teresticus have shown that the weight of a worm is greater when alive than when it is dead. Gravitational ether is denser around living organisms than around dead ones. For a living organism to function additional density of gravitational ether is needed (9).

Duncan MacDougall experiments have shown decreasing of the man's weight at the time of death; density of gravitational ether is stronger on the living man than on the same dead one (10).

All events in the universe including evolution are happening in gravitational ether. Gravitational ether can be described as a four-dimensional reality in which three-dimensional material objects are floating. Gravitational ether do not finishes at the surface of an object or living organism, its also extends inside of it.

As gravitational ether has no entropy matter has a permanent tendency to evolve in living organisms with higher organization. Gravitational ether is an universal force that creates life. The evolution of life can be described as a cosmic negantropic process in which the entropy of living matter decreases towards a state of non entropy of gravitational ether.

This idea is supported by the fact that the whole universe is in a state of chemical evolution. In all observable cosmic space basic organic molecules that are necessary for the development of life have been discovered.

On the planets similar to our planet chemical evolution continues into biological evolution. In the universe there are many planets with solar systems similar to ours. Life could also develop there. Universe is physically homogeneous, circumstances for life to develop are same in the whole universe. Evolution of life on the planet Earth can be understood as a part of an universal process.

There are some hints that life could have been brought to earth from elsewhere in our solar system or even galaxy. Life tends towards more complexity but Homo Sapiens is not the pride of creation but rather an accident in evolution. Humans may disappear as they have come but evolution will continue. Life as such is not an accident but a function of our universe (11).


* Conclusion

The Universe is composed of one type of energy. When this energy is structured it appears as matter, when it is unstructured it appears as the gravitational ether that cosmic space is made of.  Gravitational ether is essential for living organisms to function and for life to evolve.

Copyright 2003 by Amrit Sorli.


Amrit Sorli has email at:

* References


1.  Stephen Hawking, 1988, A Brief History of Time, Routlege & Kegal Paul.

2.  Einstein, 1982, Sidelights on Relativity, Dover Publications.

3.  Einstein, Ether and the Theory of Relativity, an address delivered on May 5th, 1920, University of Leyden.

4.  Ludwik Kostro, 1988, Einstein and the Ether, p.239, Aperion.

5.  Sorli, 2002, Conscious Experience of The Universe, The Journal of Psychospiritual Transformation, Numer 3, PSRI PRESS, New York.

6.  US Army, 1993, Madigan Army Medical Centre, Tacoma, Washington.  "Cerebral blood velocity and other cardiovascular responses to 2 days head down tilt. "  Journal of Applied Physiology, 74 (1): 319-25.

7.  Krasnov IB, 1994, Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia.  "Gravitational neuromorphology", Advances in Space Biology and Medicine 4:85-110.

8.  Durnova G.N., Burkovskaia TE. Voraotnikova E.V., Kaplanskil A.S., Arustamov O.V., 1991, "The effect of weightlessness on fracture healing of rats flown on Biosatellite Cosmos 2044", Kosmicheskaia Biologiia I Aviakosmosmicheskaia Meditsina 25 (5):29-33.

9.  Sorli, 2001, Additional Roundness of Space-Time and Unknown Vacuum Energies in Living Organisms, Frontier Perspectives, Vol.10, Nr. 2.

10.  Duncan MacDougall, M.D. 1907, 'Hypothesis Concerning Soul Substance Together with Experimental Evidence of The Existence of Such Substance', American Medicine, April.

11.  Stephan Krall, 2002, Life and Light, Network, Journal of Scientific And Medical Network, Number 78.



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